Specialized Information Technology
An information system is a collection of software, hardware, processes, data, and computer networks utilized by individuals working in businesses. An information system gathers, stores, manages and disseminates data to support specific tasks. Specialized information systems have arisen in response to the increasing complexity of businesses and the tasks performed.
Case Study- The Supermarket
The composition of organizations is responsible for some of this level of specialization. Even though the tasks of maintaining a library catalog and maintaining the inventory of a supermarket share certain similarities, an information system that is effective at retaining a library catalog may not be the most effective information system for maintaining the inventory of a supermarket. Although each system has to keep a record of particular objects, the items themselves are significantly different from one another.
A single organization can make use of a variety of information management systems. Consider the example of the grocery store. Every supermarket uses an inventory management system to keep track of-:
- What items are available for purchase
- What are things sold each day?
- What items are being delivered?
The transaction system that tracks sales made at individual registers is connected to this inventory management system.
In addition, the shop manager is responsible for maintaining a scheduling system to coordinate the staff's working hours. If the grocery store in question is part of a larger chain, then there are likely to be other information systems located at a higher level. Senior management may be interested in learning how stores perform in particular markets or where they should plan to open a new shop.
Six Primary Categories of Information Systems
Now that we've covered the fundamentals, it's time to take a look at the six most common classifications of information systems. Although this list of information systems is not exhaustive, most corporations and organizations have these six, with each system serving a different level of the organization.
- The transaction processing systems, also known as TPS, are located at the operational level.
- Next are the office automation systems, also known as OAS
- And the knowledge work systems, also known as KWS. Both of these systems operate at the knowledge level.
- Next, at the management level, there are management information systems (MIS)
- Also, decision support systems (DSS)
- Last, executive support systems (ESS) are at the strategic level.
Specialized information Technology and LowIP
We can design specific software as well as provide support for it. A system tailored to your requirements can assist you in better understanding, controlling, and improving the processes inside your firm.
Adaptation To The Specific Requirements Of Particular Customers
Organizations with operational requirements that are more than the capabilities of conventional products currently available are good candidates for specialized information systems. An in-depth and meticulous analysis of the customer's processes, followed by helpful recommendations on how those processes might be enhanced. And finally, by developing an information system that can repeat and improve regular procedures.
Easy And Effective Management Of Critical Organizational Procedures
You will be able to see your organization activities and understand what necessary changes are required to ensure further stable growth. The study will provide information that will assist you in optimizing processes, allocating resources more effectively, increasing the quality of goods, more easily competing in the market, and several other related matters.
Incorporation Of Elements From Other Systems
The integration of the systems the organization uses assures that the movement of data from one system to another will be of high quality and take up as little time as possible. This minimizes duplicate human work, the chance of mistakes, and wasteful use of resources. Additionally, this ensures the functional compatibility of process activities across separate systems.
Effective distribution of an organization's available resources
It is no longer necessary to make inefficient use of the organization's resources due to documenting and preserving data. The capacity to keep electronic documents makes it much simpler to comply with regulations concerning the confidentiality of data